Ancient Pompeii Water Supply: Sources, Routes, and Slopes of the Aqueducts.
Lorenz W.F., De Feo G., Baros E., De Gisi S.
Paper International Conference with referee
The aim of this paper is to study water sources, routes and slopes of aqueducts serving ancient Pompeii. In particular, the main focus of the research was to perform a study of the topography between Avella and Pompeii by means of field GPS investigations to validate the hypothesis of the existence of an own aqueduct of Pompeii coming from the mountains due north east of Avella. When the Aqua Augusta was built under Augustus (between 33 and 12 B.C.), it crossed the course of the older Avella aqueduct between the Apennines and Mount Vesuvius, and both aqueducts were united into a single system. Based on historical accounts, archeological sites, chemical/mineralogical analysis, and topographical study we conclude that the existence of an Avella Aqueduct that carried water from the Avella springs to Pompeii prior to the construction of the Aqua Augusta is highly likely.
Lorenz W.F., De Feo G., Baros E., De Gisi S. (2012), In proceedings of the 'IWA Specialized Conference on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilizations (IWA WWTAC 2012)', March 22th, 23th, 24th, Istanbul, Turkey 2012.